Stanford Health Library

Dental and Oral Health

Use these links to jump directly to your topic of interest in Dental and Oral Health:

Dentistry: Dental Anatomy | Dental Care | Dental Procedures | Fluoride | Tooth Disorders | Tooth Replacement

Oral Diseases: Jaw Disorders | Mouth Disorders | Salivary Gland Disorders | Taste Disorders

Other Topics: General Dental and Oral Health | Oral and Facial Surgery


Mouth Disorders

(Jump to: General Information | Bad Breath | Burning Mouth Syndrome | Dry Socket | Gum Disease | Halitosis | Hemifacial Atrophy | Lip Disorders | Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome | Mouth Growths | Oral Infections & Inflammation | Parry Romberg Syndrome | Periodontal Disease | Tongue Disorders )

General Information
Mouth Problems, Self-Care Flowchart:FamilyDoctor.org
Mouth Problems in Infants and Children, Self-Care Flowchart:FamilyDoctor.org
Biology of the Mouth:Merck Manual, Home Edition
Mouth Disorders:MedlinePlus


Bad Breath (Halitosis)
Bad Breath (Halitosis):Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Bad Breath (Halitosis):American Dental Association


Burning Mouth Syndrome
Burning Mouth Syndrome:American Dental Association [PDF]
Burning Mouth Syndrome:NIDCR
Burning Mouth Syndrome:American Academy of Family Physicians


Dry Socket
Dry Socket (Alveolar Osteitis):Columbia University College of Dental Medicine


Lip Disorders
Lip Disorders:Merck Manual, Home Edition
Cheilosis/Cheilitis:Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Granulomatous Cheilitis:New Zealand Dermatological Society
Cold Sores, see Oral Infections and Inflammation
Mucocoele of the Lip:New Zealand Dermatological Society
Traumatic Injuries of the Lips and Tongue:Columbia University College of Dental Medicine


Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome
Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome:NINDS
Cheilitis Granulomatosa (Miescher-Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome):eMedicine


Mouth Growths
Cancer, see Cancer, Oral Cancer
Noncancerous Growths:Merck Manual, Home Edition
Precancerous Lesions:Merck Manual, Home Edition
Fibromas:Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Leukoplakia:Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Hairy Leukoplakia:NewZealand Dermatological Society
Tori:Columbia University College of Dental Medicine


Oral Infections and Inflammation
Specific Infections
Hand, Foot & Mouth Disease, see Children's Health, Childhood Infectious Diseses
Herpangina, MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Thrush (Candidiasis):Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Thrush, see also Infectious Diseases, Fungal Infections, Candidiasis
Canker Sores (Aphthous Ulcers)
Canker Sores: What Are They and What Can You Do About Them:FamilyDoctor.org
Aphthous Ulcers:New Zealand Dermatological Society
Management of Aphthous Ulcers:American Academy of Family Physicians
Canker Sores: Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Cold Sores
Cold Sore:Mayo Clinic
Cold Sores and Fever Blisters:Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Other Specific Conditions
Denture-Induced Stomatitis:Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Lichen Planus, see Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases, Dermatitis
Mucositis (Mouth Sores), see Coping With Cancer and Its Treatment, Oral Complications
Pericoronitis (Infection Near Wisdom Tooth):Columbia University College of Dental Medicine


Parry Romberg Syndrome (Hemifacial Atrophy)
Parry Romberg Syndrome:NINDS
Parry Romberg Syndrome:NORD


Periodontal (Gum) Disease
Periodontal (Gum) Disease: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment:NIDCR
Protecting Oral Health Throughout Your Life:American Academy of Periodontology [for Women]
Tobacco Use and Periodontal Disease:American Academy of Periodontology
Types of Gum Disease:American Academy of Periodontology
Periodontal Disease: The Sequence of Destruction:Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Gingivitis:Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Periodontitis:Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Gingival Enlargement (Excessive Growth of the Gums):New Zealand Dermatological Society
Gum Disease:MedlinePlus


Tongue Disorders
Tongue Disorders:Merck Manual, Home Edition
Ankyloglossia (Tongue Tie):Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Benign Migratory Glossitis (Geographic Tongue):Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Geographic Tongue (Benign Migratory Glossitis):New Zealand Dermatological Society
Black Hairy Tongue:Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Glossodynia (Burning Tongue):Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Macroglossia (Enlarged Tongue):MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Macroglossia:eMedicine
Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders (Tongue Thrust):American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Painful Papillae of the Tongue:Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Scrotal Tongue:Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Fissured Tongue:New Zealand Dermatological Society
Tongue Piercing Not That Risky, But Things Can Go Wrong:Columbia University College of Dental Medicine
Traumatic Injuries of the Lips and Tongue:Columbia University College of Dental Medicine


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