Stanford Health Library

Musculoskeletal System

Use these links to jump directly to your topic of interest in Musculoskeletal System:

Arthritis and Other Rheumatic Diseases: Arthritis, in General | Specific Types of Arthritis and Other Rheumatic Diseases

Other Musculoskeletal Diseases: Bone Diseases | Bursitis | Cartilage Diseases | Muscular Dystrophy | Tendinitis | Other Muscle Diseases

Disorders of the: Ankle | Arm | Elbow | Foot | Hand | Hip | Knee | Leg | Shoulder | Spine (Neck and Back) | Wrist

Other Topics: General Musculoskeletal | Anatomy | Diagnostic Procedures | Surgery

Spine (Neck and Back) Disorders

(Jump to: Anatomy | Find a Spine Care Specialist | Injuries | Non-Surgical Treatment | Overviews | Pain | Surgery

Specific Spinal Disorders: Arthritis | Cervical Radiculopathy | Disc Herniation | Infections | Spinal Cord Diseases | Spinal Curvature | Spondylolysis & Spondylolisthesis | Stenosis | Torticollis | Tumors )

Anatomy of the Spine
Cervical Spine Anatomy:Orthogate
Lumbar Spine Anatomy:Orthogate
Thoracic Spine Anatomy:Orthogate

Find a Spine Care Specialist
Spine Center:Stanford Hospital & Clinics
Stanford Spine:Stanford Hospital & Clinics
Spine Care Provider Search:North American Spine Society

Overviews of Spine Disorders
Cervical Spine:American Association of Neurological Surgeons
Spinal Injuries and Disorders:MedlinePlus
Tailbone Disorders:MedlinePlus


Back and Neck Pain
General Information
Back Pain:NIAMS
Back Pain in Children:AAOS
Back Pain:MedlinePlus
Low Back Pain
Lower Back Pain, Self-Care
Low Back Pain Fact Sheet:NINDS
Low Back Pain in Adults:UpToDate Patient Information
Acute Low Back Pain:North American Spine Society [PDF]
Chronic Low Back Pain:North American Spine Society [PDF]
Low Back Pain Exercise Guide:AAOS
Neck Pain
Neck Pain, Self-Care
Specific Back Pain Disorders
Coccydynia – Tailbone Pain:Cleveland Clinic
Degenerative Disc Disease
Is Degenerative Disc Disease:NYU Langone Medical Center
Facet Joint Disorders
Facet Joint Disease:NYU Langone Medical Center

Back and Neck Injuries
General Information
Back Injuries:MedlinePlus
Neck Injuries and Disorders:MedlinePlus
Spinal Cord Injury, see Nervous System and Brain, Spinal Cord Injury
Burners and Stingers
Burners and Stingers:AAOS
Cervical Fracture (Broken Neck):AAOS
Fracture of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine:AAOS
Vertebral Compression Fractures:American Association of Neurological Surgeons
See also Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis
Sprains and Strains
Low Back Strain and Sprain:American Association of Neurological Surgeons
Neck Sprain:AAOS
Whiplash and Whiplash Associated Disorders:North American Spine Society [PDF]

Arthritis of the Spine
Cervical Spondylosis:AAOS
See also Facet Joint Disorders
See also Specific Types of Arthritis, Spondylitis

Cervical Radiculopathy (Pinched Nerve)
Cervical Radiculopathy:AAOS

Disc Herniation
General Information
Herniated Disk Guide:Mayo Clinic
Herniated Disc:American Association of Neurological Surgeons
Herniated Disk:MedlinePlus
Cervical Disc Herniation
Herniated Cervical Disc:North American Spine Society [PDF]
Lumbar Disc Herniation
Herniated Lumbar Disc:North American Spine Society [PDF]
Thoracic Disc Herniation
Herniated Thoracic Disk:University of Maryland Spine Program

Spinal Cord Diseases
See Nervous System and Brain, Spinal Cord Diseases

Spinal Curvature
Kyphosis:Lucile Packard Children's Hospital
Kyphosis (Roundback) of the Spine:AAOS
Lordosis:Lucile Packard Children's Hospital
Scoliosis:Lucile Packard Children's Hospital
Scoliosis:American Association of Neurological Surgeons
Scoliosis and Spinal Deformities: A Guide for Patients:Children's Hospital Boston [for Teens]

Spinal Infections
Spinal Infections:American Association of Neurological Surgeons
Spinal Infections:North American Spine Society

Spinal Stenosis
Spinal Stenosis:NIAMS
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis:American Association of Neurological Surgeons
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis:North American Spine Society
Spinal Stenosis:MedlinePlus

Spinal Tumors
Spinal Tumors:American Academy of Neurological Surgeons
Spinal Tumor:North American Spine Society
Tarlov Cysts:American Academy of Neurological Surgeons
See also Bone Tumors

Spondylolysis (Cracked Vertebra) and Spondylolisthesis (Slipped Vertebra)
Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis:AAOS
Adult Isthmic Spondylolisthesis:North American Spine Society

Torticollis (Twisted Neck)
Torticollis (Twisted Neck):PubMed Health

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